CV (Pdf)



Born in Helsinki on 9 June 1941.

Married to Ullamaija Kivikuru, PhD, Professor Emerita of Journalism at the University of Helsinki, two children (born in 1974 and 1979).

Studies after high-school matriculation (1960) at the University of Helsinki in psychology (major) and phonetics/general linguistics (minor); BA 1963, MA 1965, PhLic 1966, PhD 1969.

Main employment:

1962-63 Editor of radio youth programmes, Finnish Broadcasting Company

1965-67 Instructor of Journalism and Mass Communication, School of Social Sciences (since 1966 University of Tampere)

1967-71 Head of research and member of long-range planning group, Finnish Broadcasting Company

1971-2009 Professor of Journalism and Mass Communication, particularly radio and television studies, University of Tampere

2009- Professor Emeritus, University of Tampere

Visiting appointments:

1966 (fall) Post-graduate fellow, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, USA

1972 (winter) Unesco expert on audience research, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

1975 (spring) Visiting professor, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada

1977 (spring) Visiting professor, University of California, San Diego, USA

1981 Unesco expert on international communication, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

1982 (winter) Visiting professor, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, USA

1987 Research fellow, International Journalism Institute, Prague, Czechoslovakia

1991 (spring) Visiting professor, University of Maryland, College Park, USA

1994 (fall) Visiting professor, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA

1995 (spring) Visiting professor, University of Texas at Austin, USA


1956-67 Freelance journalist at the Finnish Broadcasting Company’s radio youth programmes (1956-62), reportage and current affairs programmes (1958-67), i.a. interviews with C.G. Jung (1961) and Marshall McLuhan (1967), television documentaries (1958-65)

1957-65 Freelance journalist with various Finnish newspapers and magazines (i.a. columnist in Uusi Suomi)

National memberships and positions of trust held:

1968- Member, Association of Finnish Radio and Television Journalists as well as Union of Journalists in Finland

1969-77 Member, Finnish National Commission of Unesco

1971-73 Member, Committee on Freedom of Information (Ministry of Justice)

1972-74 Vice-Chairman, Government Committee on Communication Policy (Council of State)

1972 President, The Westermarck Society (Finnish Sociological Association)

1973 Editor, Sosiologia (journal of The Westermarck Society)

1973 Chairman, Committee on Journalism Education (Ministry of Education)

1973 Assessor of professorial appointment in University of Helsinki

1973-87 Board member, Finnish Institute of International Affairs

1974-84 Member, Advisory Committee on Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe CSCE (Ministry for Foreign Affairs)

1983-84 President, Finnish Association for Mass Communication Research

1987-91 Member, Committee for Audiovisual Culture (Ministry of Education)

1993 Chairman, Working Party on University Degree Reform (Ministry of Education)

1996-97 Member, Working Party on Communication Studies (Ministry of Education)

2003-07 Coordinator of Social Sciences, National Project for University Degree Reform (Ministry of Education)

International memberships and positions of trust held:

1966- Member, International Association for Mass Communication Research (IAMCR)

1967- Member, National Society for the Study of Communication (NSSC), later International Communication Association (ICA)

1968 Founding member, Group of European Audience Researchers (GEAR)

1970- Member, Association for Education in Journalism (AEJ), later Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC)

1970- Member, International Broadcast Institute (IBI), later International Institute of Communications (IIC)

1971-76 Member, Unesco Panel of Consultants on Communication Research

1972-88 Vice-President, IAMCR

1972-76 Member of founding team, Nordic Information Centre for Media and Communication Research (NORDICOM)

1976-90 President, International Organization of Journalists (IOJ)

1979- Assessor of professorial appointments in USA, Canada, UK, Norway, Australia, Ghana, Malaysia and Jamaica

1990-99 Member of evaluation teams for communication studies in Norway and Latvia

1995- Member of advisory board of international and regional scholarly journals in USA, UK, Australia and Brazil

1999- Steering Committee member, Global Network for Professional Education in Journalism and Media (JourNet)

2000-04 Steering Committee member, European Science Foundation’s Research Programme “Changing Media – Changing Europe”

Research funding received:

Research grants from Unesco (1972-88).

Senior Scientist at the Academy of Finland 1975 (1 year), 1980 (½ year), 1986 (1 year), 1993-94 (1 acad. year), 1999-2000 (1 acad. year).

Director of Academy of Finland projects “Globalisation and localisation as societal processes in former Soviet Union” (1998-2000), “Social and juridical constituents of communication law” (2005-07), “Media in a changing Russia” (2006-08), “Media systems in flux: The challenge of the BRICS countries” (2012-16).

Doctoral dissertations supervised:

Supervised over 20 doctoral dissertations completed at the University of Tampere since 1973.


Euroaward “In recognition of outstanding achievement and success in the sector of journalistic education” (1998)

Honorary Professor at Saint-Petersburg State University, Faculty of Journalism (2008)

Honorary Professor at Moscow State University, Faculty of Journalism (2009, 2013)

The Frank Luther Mott Kappa Tau Alpha research book award for the best book on Journalism and Mass Communication of 2009 to authors of Normative Theories of the Media: Journalism in Democratic Societies.(2010)